Eastern Visayas – Region VII

LEYTE Eastern Visayas (Region VII)

Eastern Visayas – Region VII consists of six provinces and one city, namely, Biliran, Eastern Samar, Leyte, Northern Samar, Samar, Southern Leyte and the City of Tacloban. These provinces and city occupy the easternmost islands of Visayas: Samar, Leyte and Biliran. The regional center is Tacloban City. Eastern Visayas directly faces the Pacific ocean. There is also an idea of separating Biliran-Leyte and Samar as a region and creating a new region – the Samar Region (Region VIII-A) consisting the provinces of Samar, Eastern Samar, Northern Samar and South Samar (official name: Timog Samar) and the City of Catbalogan as its regional capital. But today the said idea has not been realized. Eastern Visayas, particularly the island of Samar, because of its geographical location is always hit by typhoons.

Regional center: Tacloban City,

Total Area: 23,432 km2 (9,047.1 sq mi)

Population (2007) : Total 3,912,936

  • Density: 167/km2 (432.5/sq mi)


  • Provinces:6
  • Cities:4
  • Municipalities:139
  • Barangays:4,390
  • Cong. districts:12

Languages: Waray-Waray (Leyte-Samarnon)


  • Biliran/Naval/140,274
  • Eastern Samar/Borongan/375,822
  • Leyte/Tacloban City/1,592,336
  • Northern Samar/Catarman/500,639
  • Samar/Catbalogan/641,124
  • Southern Leyte/Maasin City/360,160

Component Cities

  • Catbalogan City, Samar
  • Calbayog City, Samar
  • Maasin City, Southern Leyte

Independent Cities

  • Ormoc City, Leyte
  • Tacloban City, Leyte

Ormoc City is an independent component city.

Eastern Visayas – Region VII

Natural Resources

The region’s sea and inland waters are rich sources of salt and fresh water fish and other marine products. It is one of the fish exporting regions of the country. There are substantial forest reserves in the interiors of the islands. Its mineral deposits include chromite, uranium(in Samar), gold, silver, manganese, magnesium, bronze, nickel, clay, coal, limestone, pyrite and sand and gravel. It has abundant geothermal energy and water resources to support the needs of medium and heavy industries.


Waray-Waray is spoken on the island of Samar, Biliran and the province of Leyte both of these languages are called Visayan by their speakers. A Samar language, distantly related to the languages of the region, called Abaknon is spoken in the island of Capul in Northern Samar.


Tinikling, the Philippines’ national dance is folkdance that originated from the region. But the most popular cultural dance among Warays is the Curacha, danced during feast celebrations and special gatherings. The Leyte Kalipayan Dance Troupe, a local cultural group, held highly successful performances around the world.


Waray people are music lovers whose folkloric music are mostly ballads in form, famous of which is “Dandansoy” while “Iroy nga Tuna” (Motherland) is a patriotic song.




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