Northern Mindanao (Region X)

OZAMIS- Northern Mindanao (Region X)

Northern Mindanao (Region X) is composed of five provinces and two cities classified as highly-urbanized, all occupying the north-central part of Mindanao island, and the island-province of Camiguin. The regional center is Cagayan de Oro City, where the national government’s regional offices and other big establishments are located. Lanao del Norte was transferred to Northern Mindanao from Region XII (then called Central Mindanao) by virtue of Executive Order No. 36.

Regional center:Cagayan de Oro City

Total Area: 20,132 km2 (7,773 sq mi)

Total Population (2007): 3,952,437

  • Density 196.3/km2 (508.5/sq mi)


  • Provinces:5
  • Cities:7
  • Municipalities:84
  • Barangays:2,022
  • Cong. districts:11

Languages: Cebuano, Manobo, Maranao and others.

CAMIGUIN - Northern Mindanao (Region X)

Political Divisions


  • Bukidnon/Malaybalay City1,060,265/8,293.8
  • Camiguin/Mambajao74,232/229.8
  • Lanao del Norte/Iligan City/473,062/2,278.6
  • Misamis Occidental/Oroquieta City/486,723/1,939.3
  • Misamis Oriental/Cagayan de Oro City/664,338/3,081.1
  • Cagayan de Oro City/—/461,877/488.86
  • Iligan City/—/308,046/813.37

Cagayan de Oro City and Iligan City are highly-urbanized cities; figures are excluded from Misamis Oriental and Lanao del Norte respectively.

Component cities

Bukidnon - Northern Mindanao (Region X)


Misamis Occidental

  • Oroquieta City
  • Ozamiz City
  • Tangub City

Misamis Oriental

  • Gingoog City

Cultural groups

Majority of the region’s inhabitants are migrants from Cebu and Iloilo. There are also inhabitants of Waray, Tagalog and Maranao descent.


Rainfall in Northern Mindanao is evenly distributed throughout the year. Its abundant vegetation, natural springs and high elevation contribute to the region’s cool, mild and invigorating climate.

Land use

Northern Mindanao has a total land area of 14,032.93 km² of which 6,571 km² is alienable and disposable lands, and the remaining 7,461.99 km².

Natural resources

More than 60% of Northern Mindanao’s total land area are classified as forest land. Its seas abound with fish and other marine products.


The economy of Northern Mindanao is the largest regional economy in the island of Mindanao. The economy in Northern Mindanao is mainly agricultural. But there is also a booming growth of industries particularly in Cagayan de Oro City and in Iligan City. The famous Del Monte Philippines located in the Province of Bukidnon and its processing plant is located in Cagayan de Oro City, which shipped to the entire Philippines and Asia-Pacific region. The Agus-IV to VII Hydroelectric Plants in Iligan City and Baloi, Lanao del Norte supplies most of its electrical power in Mindanao.


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